Private companies hire security guards to protect businesses from the public and other buildings. Working in shifts, these guards must have the mental and physical strength to stay on constant alert and stop the danger without warning. This can be especially difficult, since most of the guards work at night. Each state has requirements to make sure that the security guards are qualified. In Florida, for example, there are some conditions that you must meet before taking this important job.
Requirements of age and background
First, prospective security guards in Florida must be over 21 and fit for employment in the United States. In addition, potential guards must have a clean criminal record and pass a drug test and background check. Guards must also have their own reliable transportation, access to a telephone or other means of communication, be able to read and write in English and have a high school diploma or equivalent, such as GED. These measures help to pre-select the candidates, ensuring that only the most qualified applicants arrive.
Once you meet the basic fitness requirements, you must obtain a Class D license from the Florida Security Guard. To get it, you must complete a 40-hour training, either together or through time. If you complete the training over time, you must complete the first 24 hours followed by a 16-hour session, which must be completed within six months of the first session.
This training is provided by schools that offer training for security guards throughout Florida, such as Florida State Security, Miami Protection and the S2 Safety and Intelligence Institute. You can get on-the-job training through special programs offered by certain employers or complete the programs through distance learning. According to Florida State Statute 496.3604, you must include the name and address of the school on your security guard license application. The course includes classes in the Florida Statute to deal with the responsibilities of a security guard (Section 493), the potential liability that guards may face, legal issues such as the right to detain people, first aid, fire response, what should not be done in case of an emergency and how to prevent accidents from happening. Once the course is completed, you can take the exam to obtain the license. After passing the exam, you can request your license.
Finally, the possible security guards must have the physical conditioning necessary to carry out the work. According to section 493.6108, the physical condition of certain types of guards is certified by a physician considered qualified under the provisions of Chapters 458 or 459. For example, a qualified physician must certify his or her physical condition to carry a firearm before being able to obtain a G-Class guard license. In addition, under the provisions of Chapter 493 of the Florida State Code, applicants who are severely overweight or incapacitated to the point that this affects their performance at work may not be eligible to become guards.